How to Obtain a Cosmetology License
To earn a living by making people look their best, you must earn a cosmetology license from your state. A cosmetology license is necessary to work as a nail technician, hair stylist, facialist, or any other type of beautician who works with the human body. Every state has a set of requirements that future cosmetologists must meet in order to earn a license. This guide will explain the process of obtaining a cosmetology license so you can start a career in beauty.
The first requirement is to possess a high school diploma or GED. This is necessary to enroll in an accredited cosmetology institute or community college program.
Next, research community colleges and career training institutes to find cosmetology programs that are both affordable and reputable. If you are unsure about a school's program, ask cosmetologists in your area. Federal and state financial aid may be available to you.
After you enroll, strive to earn top grades in all of your required classes. The licensing board only cares that you graduate from the program, but employers may look at your class grades. If you only earn the minimum passing grades, you might be passed over for jobs. Good grades in your cosmetology classes will give you an advantage when competing for jobs.
Along with coursework and lab sessions, you must complete a certain number of hours of training practice. In order to graduate from an accredited cosmetology school, you need work experience under the supervision of a licensed beautician. Often, cosmetology schools operate salon businesses where students can work. You can also make arrangements with local businesses. Always make sure your hours are well-documented so you have proof of your experience.
Next, study for the cosmetology licensing exam. Each state requires cosmetologists to pass a standardized test covering basic techniques and sanitation. You can obtain the test registration packet from your state's cosmetology board. Test prep guides are available at most book stores.
In each state, the cosmetology exam consists of a written portion and a hands-on portion. Your state's licensing board may publish study guides and videos to help you prepare. You will need to buy your own supplies to complete the practical portion of the exam; they will not be provided for you.
After passing the exam, assemble copies of your diplomas, test scores, documented work experiences, and the completed application forms. Mail the documents to the board of cosmetology in your state. Your state will also perform a background check on you. After the state reviews your application and verifies that you meet the requirements, you will be granted a cosmetology license. Keep in mind that you must renew the license every few years.
Once you have a cosmetology license, you can apply for jobs. You can work in many other capacities besides a practitioner. For example, many education, sales, management, and consulting jobs are available to those with a valid cosmetology license.
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